Now You See It- Nonconscious Prioritization

Nadav Weisler Rina Schwartz
Perceptual conscious experiences result from non-conscious processes that precede them. Previous work documented a new
characteristic of the cognitive system: the speed with which visual meaningful stimuli are prioritized to consciousness over competing noise in visual masking paradigms. This Nonconscious Prioritization Speed (NPS) is ubiquitous across a wide variety of stimuli, and
generalizes across visual masks, suppression tasks, and time, and cannot be explained by variation in general speed, perceptual decision thresholds, short-term visual memory, or three networks of attention (alerting, orienting and executive). Our current work explores how NPS may contribute to the research of clinical disorders, as well as components of perception and phenomenological experience.

Just Curious?

Maya Leshkowitz Ohad Livnat Innbal Menashri
In this work, we propose an account of a fundamental paradox in modern human behavior – the discrepancy between the knowledge we want to gain, and the information we end up consuming. In the new model we develop, the paradox is a natural outcome of the temporal dynamics of two psychological factors that shape epistemic curiosity. The new model conceptualizes curiosity as a bi-dimensional psychological phenomenon, where one factor is the urge to approach information, and the other is an evaluation of how interesting it might be. In three experiments we validate the model. The last experiment examines a simple nudge that may help people align their epistemic behavior with their longer-term goals.

Seeing is Believing- TiPS

Ohad Livnat
Our subjective experiences may not always reflect objective reality. We developed the Trust in Phenomenology Scale (TiPS) to assess one’s general tendency to trust their conscious experiences across 8 pre-determined factors, ranging from perceptual through emotional to intellectual humility. We use our scale as well as perceptual tasks to identify and manipulate one’s tendency to rely on automatic, unconscious processes.

Minority Salience

Rasha Kardosh Rina Schwartz
Our cognitive system is tuned toward spotting the uncommon and unexpected. We propose that individuals coming from minority groups are, by definition, just that—uncommon and often unexpected. Consequently, they are psychologically salient in perception, memory, and visual awareness. This minority salience creates a tendency to overestimate the prevalence of minorities, leading to an erroneous picture of our social environments—an illusion of diversity.

Nonconscious Audition

Gal Chen
We study factors that influence unconscious processing and prioritization to consciousness of auditory contents, including spoken words and speech streams. We try to understand what and how our attention is captured, and what determines the depth of computations underlying unconscious speech perception.

Under Construction